Yongmin Chen and Marius Schwartz
Product Innovation Incentives: Monopoly vs. Competition
In contrast to Arrow’s result for process innovations, we show that the gain from a product innovation can be larger to a secure monopolist than to a rivalrous firm that would face competition from independent sellers of the old product. A monopolist incurs profit diversion from its old good but may gain more than a rivalrous firm on the new good by coordinating the prices. In a Hotelling framework, we find simple conditions for the monopolist’s gain to be larger. We also explain why the ranking of innovation incentives differs under vertical product differentiation.